Get out of the misunderstanding of quality system certification
in order to meet the needs of international trade and international technical and economic cooperation, the Technical Committee for quality management and quality assurance of the international organization for Standardization (iso/tc1, therefore, the bending specimen should have sufficient length 76) after years of coordinated efforts, on the basis of summarizing the quality management and quality assurance experience of countries around the world, On June 15th, 1986, ISO8402 unified terminology for quality was officially promulgated. This standard plays an important role in unifying quality terms and clarifying fuzzy concepts worldwide. In March, 1987, ISO officially announced five standards of is09000~9004, commonly known as "ISO9000 series standards". Now in December, 2000, ISO officially announced ISO9000:2000 standard. There are three standards in total, and the five standards of 1994 version are compressed into three, which are:
ISO9000: quality management system -- foundation and terminology
iso9001: quality management system -- requirements
is09004: quality management system -- performance improvement guide
with the acceleration of the pace of opening up to the outside world and the acceleration of China's accession to the WTO, domestic enterprise management has accelerated the process of internationalization. In trade exchanges and economic and technological cooperation, in order to integrate with international quality management standardization, more and more enterprises are flocking to IS09000 series standards. In this "ISO fever", many enterprises still have some misunderstandings in their understanding
one of the misunderstandings: Hede is certified by ISO international standards, and its quality The international organization for Standardization (ISO) is a worldwide consortium composed of national standardization groups. The emergence of an ISO international standard is the result of the consensus of ISO organization members. Specifically, the formulation of an international standard must be approved by three fourths of the members of the organization. The economic level of ISO member countries varies widely, and the standards that can be accepted by developed countries, developing countries and underdeveloped countries with higher effectiveness at the same time must be the product of mutual coordination and compromise. Therefore, ISO9000 standard does not represent the best evaluation of the world's advanced level, but only meets the minimum quality requirements
Myth 2: only products that need to be exported must pass the ISO international standard certification
it should be said that in addition to products involving safety and health, the key to successfully entering the international market is still a satisfactory and reasonable trade contract between the supplier and the demander. Of course, obtaining quality management system certification is a favorable condition for contract negotiation. In fact, the United States, Japan, Austria and other countries have also announced; Some goods entering the market of this country need to hold ISO9000 certificate, so the products of enterprises with IS09000 quality management system certification will be more competitive than those without certification. However, even if it is not an enterprise producing export goods, when it implements quality management to a certain stage, it also needs to verify whether the quality system it has established can meet the standards and operate effectively. The purpose of doing so is, on the one hand, to improve the quality reputation of its products and expand the market; On the other hand, through pre certification preparation and certification activities, promote the improvement of enterprise quality management system, so as to improve product quality, reduce costs and improve management methods. Therefore, quality management system certification should become the conscious requirement of all qualified enterprises
myth 3: passing the ISO international standard certification means passing the international quality certification, and everything will be fine.
at present, the certification certificates issued by certification bodies engaged in quality management system certification worldwide are system certification certificates marked with a national accreditation mark or certification body mark. The international organization for standardization established the conformity assessment committee in 1985 to study and formulate issues related to international mutual recognition. According to its arrangement, the first countries to implement multilateral mutual recognition are China, the United States, Britain, Australia, France and Japan. In this way, the quality system certification certificate issued by the certification authority to the certified enterprise by the countries that have passed the on-site mutual recognition evaluation has the certification force in the countries with multilateral mutual recognition. It can be seen that such a system is not international quality certification, but only limited to countries that have participated in the international multilateral mutual recognition system. At the same time, obtaining the ISO9000 certification is not once and for all. If an enterprise cannot persistently maintain the established quality system, it will destroy the systematization, coordination, prevention and effectiveness of the quality system, which is bound to increase the quality loss and cost, and ultimately damage the economic benefits of the enterprise.
myth 4: the more quality management system certificates, the better
some enterprises do not analyze the ISO international standard certification No choice. All terms of the ISO9001 standard are certified to be certified, which requires the technical status and accuracy of the material testing machine. In fact, when establishing the quality management system, the enterprise should start from its own reality and correctly analyze the links that should be included in the whole process of the production, formation and Realization of the product quality of the enterprise. Only in this way can the quality management system be applicable and perfect. For example, when Konka certified its quality system, it first made clear that the IS09000 series standard is a highly universal standard, which is the theoretical basis and basis for guiding enterprises to establish a quality management system, but it does not require all enterprises to be completely consistent. The product categories and production processes of enterprises are different, and the elements of their quality management system are also different. Therefore, when establishing the quality management system, Konka selected the quality management system requirements related to market research, design and specification preparation, procurement, process preparation, production products, inspection and testing, packaging and storage, sales and shipping, technical service and maintenance according to the company's product characteristics, business mode and production process. After the terms of the quality management system are determined, the standard implementation working group will send the selected quality management system terms to the standard implementation leading group for approval to ensure their integrity and rationality. Practice has proved that selecting quality management system funds according to product characteristics and business mode can not only produce and form product quality and realize the control of the whole process, but also meet the requirements of users for product quality
in a word, the quality management system is not omnipotent, but only when it is well combined with the actual situation of the enterprise, can we establish a quality management system model that helps to improve quality and enhance competitiveness, and because of the influence of coaxiality, it will produce tortuous stress in the sample, and also win customers and market