To realize self upgrading, made in China needs to split into service type
to realize self upgrading, made in China needs to split into service type
China Construction machinery information
"made in China 2025 proposes to promote the development of service-oriented manufacturing, study and formulate guidelines to promote the development of service-oriented manufacturing, and implement service-oriented manufacturing action plan.
"Accelerating the transformation of China from production-oriented manufacturing to service-oriented manufacturing is the inevitable choice to realize the self upgrading and structural adjustment of the manufacturing industry, accelerate the pace of building China into a manufacturing power, and create an upgraded version of China's economy." On the development of service-oriented manufacturing in China, Xiong Meng, executive vice president of the China Federation of industrial economics, said in an exclusive interview with China industry news that accelerating the promotion of service-oriented manufacturing is conducive to the steady growth of China's manufacturing industry, the improvement of economic benefits, the promotion to the high end of the industrial chain, the improvement of international competitiveness, and the organic integration of information technology and manufacturing to achieve intelligent manufacturing, Occupy the commanding heights of world manufacturing
conform to the general trend of the world and accelerate transformation and development.
Xiong Meng said that the development of service-oriented manufacturing conforms to the inevitable trend of world economic development. In advanced manufacturing countries, products stay in the production process for a short time, but in the circulation field for a long time, in which more than 60% of the value-added business of products occurs in the service field
"service-oriented manufacturing is the transformation and development of processing and manufacturing industry, the key to improving the service capacity and market competitiveness of enterprises, and also one of the effective ways to improve the economic benefits of enterprises and realize green development." Xiong Meng said that service-oriented manufacturing has become an inevitable trend of manufacturing development. At present, well-known global manufacturing enterprises have achieved the transformation and development of service-oriented manufacturing, and have received good results. The service revenue of some companies has exceeded 60% of the total sales revenue of the company
the development of service-oriented manufacturing is also the internal demand of the manufacturing industry to a certain period of time. Xiong Meng believes that the domestic and international competition faced by China's manufacturing enterprises is becoming increasingly severe. The disappearance of the demographic dividend has led to the disappearance of China's comparative advantage in the manufacturing industry, the increasingly fierce competition in the production and manufacturing field, and the profit space is getting smaller and smaller. "Enterprises must pay more attention to the high-end links of the value chain such as customer-oriented R & D, design and service, sales service, and constantly increase the input of service elements."
it is still in its infancy and faces four constraints
in recent years, China's service-oriented manufacturing has increasingly stepped into the development track. When conducting enterprise research, the China Federation of industry and economics found that some leading enterprises in the industry have carried out active and fruitful exploration in service-oriented manufacturing, and formed a number of successful cases in equipment manufacturing, communication equipment, information technology and other manufacturing fields
however, Xiong Meng also pointed out that despite the remarkable achievements, China's service-oriented manufacturing is still in the primary stage of development, most of which are based on product extension services, while the overall solution business based on customer needs accounts for a small proportion, and the economic benefits brought by service activities are not obvious. In general, the development of service-oriented manufacturing in China still faces many constraints
manufacturing enterprises have insufficient motivation to carry out service independently. Influenced by the traditional extensive industrial development thinking mode, China's manufacturing enterprises still generally pay attention to scale and light quality, speed and light efficiency, mass production and personalized customization, manufacturing and light service, and the motivation to develop service business is still insufficient. In addition, because the development of service business requires a lot of capital and human support, the short-term investment is large, and the long-term face many uncertain factors, leading to the production enterprises to be more cautious in carrying out service-oriented manufacturing business
lack of independent research and development capabilities in some key areas. At present, many key basic materials, core basic parts and components in China are heavily dependent on imports, and the system integration ability of major technical equipment is not strong. For example, 95% of high-end machine tool CNC systems still rely on imports. Without core technology, there is a lack of technical support to provide differentiated and personalized integrated services, and it is difficult to provide industry exclusive products and services, which directly affects the degree and effect of enterprises' transformation to service-oriented manufacturing
the institutional mechanism to promote service-oriented manufacturing needs to be improved. At present, although the state has issued a series of policies and measures to support the development of service industry, there are still some policy obstacles in the development of service industry in manufacturing enterprises. For example, manufacturing enterprises generally lack service qualifications, and there are obstacles in expanding service business; Enterprises engaged in design, R & D and other producer services cannot apply for recognition as high-tech enterprises and cannot enjoy preferential income tax policies; The lack of unified statistical caliber and standards of service-oriented manufacturing also restricts the development of service-oriented manufacturing to a certain extent
lack of high-end compound talents. For a long time, under the mode of taking products as the core, the talent training mode of the manufacturing industry is relatively simple, and the talent reserve is mostly carried out around the product itself. The innovative talent training system and mechanism suitable for service-oriented manufacturing is not perfect, and there is a lack of compound high-end talent growth environment. Talent security and intellectual support need to be strengthened
call for technical support to achieve green development
looking at the world, service-oriented manufacturing is the key to improve the service ability and market competitiveness of enterprises, and it is also one of the effective ways to improve the economic benefits of enterprises and achieve green development. For China, the development of service-oriented manufacturing is an important way for industrial transformation and upgrading, improving quality and efficiency, strengthening services and improving international market competitiveness
in Xiong Meng's view, service-oriented manufacturing needs technology, management, information and other technical systems as support, which is mainly reflected in the following four aspects:
first, advanced manufacturing technology. The essence of service-oriented manufacturing transformation is to establish a production organization mode oriented to customer needs, which requires enterprises to change from the traditional manufacturing mode centered on product supply to the manufacturing mode centered on service. Build a manufacturing system that supports decentralized customer resources, manufacturing resources and service resources to participate in product service and production design, so that enterprises can not only provide customers with personalized products with high added value, but also achieve high-efficiency mass production. This requires improving the ability of rapid response to market changes to achieve the synergy of manufacturing and services, improve the information technology capabilities of enterprises, improve the overall level of integrated manufacturing systems and workflow control systems, and realize intelligent manufacturing
second, modern production management technology. Modern production management technology is the basis for the transformation of service-oriented manufacturing in the production technology of steel wire universal testing machine. In order to meet the personalized needs of customers and improve the reliability, manufacturability, maintainability and overall cost of products, it is necessary to establish a production operation system based on just in time manufacturing and lean production. At the same time, the integration of products and services and the differentiation of customers' subjective feelings about the product service system have made the quality assurance of the production process, the identification and feedback of market signals, the repair of the spine of the production organization and the reduction of complications more complex in recent years. This requires enterprises to take quality assurance, flexible production, virtual enterprise and other management means as the basis, Improve the level of modern production management technology, control the production and service process of product service system from the manufacturing link, and improve customer satisfaction
third, knowledge management technology. The interaction between products and services, as well as the heterogeneity of customers, lead to the expression, exchange and learning of customer knowledge to product and service technology development knowledge in the service-oriented manufacturing mode. Based on the division and cooperation of process flow and business process, it is necessary to realize the seamless integration of different modules and establish a common manufacturing and service interface specification. Therefore, in the process of service-oriented transformation, enterprises must build a knowledge management system based on product design knowledge, manufacturing process knowledge and customer demand knowledge, and realize the collaboration of different business processes and technological processes through the identification and transformation of tacit knowledge in different processes and the expression of explicit knowledge, as well as the open knowledge interface between them
fourth, the deep integration of the two. In order to be more sensitive to the shear rate in the service system; ABS can still show a certain toughness at (4) 0 ℃. In order to realize the interaction between enterprises and customers, the integration of products and services, whole process services, mass customization, flexible manufacturing and network collaboration, it must have a higher level of information support. It is necessary to reorganize and optimize the original enterprise processes, establish manufacturing service standards, and on this basis, effectively integrate the information resources and information systems within and among enterprises, At present, some electronic tension machines in the market adopt reducers to establish a collaborative manufacturing service platform including subsystems such as product sales and service, procurement and collaborative manufacturing, integrated information management, production operation and control, product design and management, enterprise information portal, etc